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Back to: Business - Entrepreneurship -
Inner-City Business Development &
This listing includes only a sampling of initiatives
& works and is by no means comprehensive. It will be continually
expanded and updated. We invite (and greatly appreciate) suggestions on
materials that merit inclusion in the
Initiatives / Websites
League Announces Urban Entrepreneur Partnership. October 15,
2004. National Urban League President and CEO Marc H. Morial announced
today a new groundbreaking national partnership to encourage minority
entrepreneurship and business development
New Help for
the Black Entrepreneur. Elizabeth Olson. The New York Times.
Black Business Community
Investment Fund (Nova Scotia, Canada)
Black Business Investment Fund (Florida,
BusinessLINC® - A program of the
Business Roundtable aimed at stimulating economic growth in distressed
cities and rural areas by fostering business-to-business
Cities for Progress
(Institute for Policy Studies)
Community Development Financial
Institutions (CDFI) Fund - U.S. Treasury Department
Markets Tax Credit (NMTC) Program
Coalition of Community
Development Financial Institutions (CDFI Coalition)
Renewal Initiative - for America's Renewal Communities, Urban Empowerment
Zones and Enterprise Communities (RC/EZ/EC) - U.S. Department of Housing and Urban
Initiative for a Competitive
Inner City (ICIC)
Inner City 100
(UK) The Inner City
Inner City Economic
Business Perceptions Study on Inner
Communications Campaign for Inner Cities
Bringing Small Inner City Companies ($500,000 to $2
million) to Scale
Creating a National Brokerage Mechanism for Inner City
Tapping Public Pension Funds for $ 1 billion in
Investments in Inner Cities
Minority Business Development
National Urban League / Stonehenge Capital Empowerment Fund -
Community Investment Fund
National Urban League - Kauffman
New York City
Social Compact - Coalition of
business leaders from across the country who are promoting successful
business investment in inner-city and rural
Reports / Papers / Articles / Etc.
State of the Inner City Economies: Small Businesses in the
Initiative for a Competitive Inner City. Oct 2005
New Atlanta-Based Business Development Center Focused on
Increasing Minority Entrepreneurship and Business Expansion. Nov 10, 2005
Kansas City Launches the first of five Urban Entrepreneur
Partnership centers. September 20, 2005
The New Agenda for Minority Business Development (Report). James H. Lowry
and Richard Holland (Boston Consulting Group). Ewing Marion Kauffman Foundation.
Minority-owned businesses face challenges. Companies must have aggressive growth
strategies, study says. Tannette Johnson-Elie. Milwaukee Journal
Sentinel. June 28, 2005
Minority-owned firms must move into growth mode. Study reports progress but calls
for adjustments. Joyce Smith. Kansas City Star. June 29, 2005.
Study Sees Obstacles to Minority Business Growth. Minority owners tend to cap
growth after self-sufficiency, report finds. Mina Azodi. Inc.com.
July 7, 2005
in-depth report on economic development in Milwaukee. Milwaukee
Journal Sentinel. December 4, 2004
Hit by global train - An analysis
of a half-century of data for the nation's largest cities shows that no
urban center fell as far, as fast, as hard as Milwaukee from the
upheaval of a globalizing economy. Nor was any city's black work force
less prepared for the shift from unskilled labor.
A dream derailed - The Milwaukee
Road literally encircled the perimeter of Milwaukee's black community,
defining where they lived and worked. When it derailed, so did the
dreams of a whole community. But now, there are signs the urban core is
getting back on track.
Emerging markets - A new
generation of leaders is advancing market-driven 21st-century solutions
for poor neighborhoods. Promise is seen in the city's central location,
low transportation costs, cheap land and proximity to universities and
the ideas they
of the Inner City Economies. Michael E. Porter, Initiative for a
Competitive Inner City (ICIC). November 15,
Porter: Inner Cities are Where the Money is. BusinessWeek, December
Retailers shop for
profit in inner cities. Data show surprising spending power in urban
areas. Garrett Glaser. CNBC.
Initiative for a
Competitive Inner City (ICIC) - Research & Publications
Economic Approach to Inner-City Revitalization. ICIC-Boston
Future of Inner Cities: Who Owns Success?. Inner City 100
York City Investment Fund: An Emerging Model For Corporate Engagement in
Urban Development. Capital Xchange, October 2001. Kathryn
Wylde, President and CEO, New York City Investment Fund. Peter Plastrik,
Author and former President, Michigan Strategic
New York City Investment Fund: A New Model for Doing Good. Eleanor Foa
Dienstag. Hermes (Columbia Business School). Spring
companies tap location, location, location of inner cities.
Del Jones, USA TODAY. August 31,
Creating Capital, Jobs and Wealth in Emerging Domestic Markets:
Financial Technology Transfer to Low-Income Communities. Glenn Yago, Betsy Zeidman, and Bill Schmidt. The Milken
Institute, January 2003.
Capital, Entrepreneurship, and Black Progress: Harnessing Black
Financial Power Through a National Venture Capital Fund. Michael J. Isimbabi. Capital Researchers
Open for Business in the
Black Metropolis: Race, Disadvantage, and Entrepreneurial Activity in
Chicago's Inner City. Cedric
Herring. Forthcoming. The Review of Black Political
Hayward Derrick Horton, and Melvin Thomas. 2002. In
The New Politics of Race: From Du Bois to The 21st
Century. Marlese Durr (ed.). Westport, CT: Praeger
Inner City Entrepreneurship: Is Self-Employment a Cure for
The Black Church and Community Economic Development. Shondrah Nash and Cedric Herring.
Forthcoming. In Cecilia Conrad, John Whitehead, Patrick Mason, and James
Stewart (eds.). African Americans in the United States Economy,
Lanham, MD: Rowman & Littlefield
The Ties that Bind: America’s Inner Cities, Business
Development and the Next Frontier of Research.
Jeffrey Robinson, Columbia University Graduate School of Business. Argues
that inner city business and economic development research has a greater
potential to impact the lives of African Americans than any other research
area and is THE civil rights issue of the 21st century.
Empowerment Zones, Enterprise Communities, Black Business, and
Unemployment. Wilton Hyman. Journal of
Urban and Contemporary Law. Analyzes the federal Empowerment Zones and
Enterprise Communities (EZ/ECs) program with a focus on its potential
impact on the black business community and the employment of inner-city
Inner-City Renaissance. The nation's
ghettos are making surprising strides. Will the gains last?
BusinessWeek Online, October 27, 2003.
Markets vs. Poverty. Harvard's Michael Porter talks about some
surprising strengths in inner cities and how capitalist forces can help
improve their lot.
October 27, 2003.
New £1m Fund
Launched to Boost Inner-city Businesses (London, UK). 28 Feb 2003
Scorecard for the CRA Service Test: Strengthening Banking Services Under
the Community Reinvestment Act. Michael Stegman, Kelly Cochran,
and Robert Faris. January 2003. Policy Brief.
America’s Inner Cities: Wired to Compete. A Report on
Inner City Broadband Readiness and E-Business Technology
Adoption. A joint study by Initiative
for a Competitive Inner City (ICIC) and The Boston Consulting Group (BCG).
Building Black Wealth: Entrepreneurship Keeps The Community
Anchored; Provides Inner Growth And Stability, Say Local
Businesswomen. Domnick Hadley. The Call
(Kansas City, MO). September 20, 2002
Technology: Expanding Financial Markets and Economic Opportunity.
Robert Weissbourd. A Report Prepared for The Brookings Institution Center
on Urban and Metropolitan Policy The Financial Services Roundtable and The
Ford Foundation. June 2002
Rediscovering Inner-City Markets.
Capital Connections. Fall 2001. Federal Reserve Board.
Changing Capital Markets and Their Implications for Community
Development Finance. Kirsten Moy and Alan
Okagaki. July 2001.
Taking Stock: CDFI’s Look Ahead After 25 Years of Community
Development Finance. Mark Pinsky. December
- Financing the Development of Urban Minority Communities:
Lessons of History. Timothy Bates.
Wayne State University
inner-city businesses. Wendy Bowman-Littler.
Expanding Resources for Community Development. Daniel M. Leibson. Presentation to the Financial Innovations
Civic Lesson: How CDFIs Can Apply Market Realities to Poverty
Alleviation. March 2001.
a Leg Up to Bootstrap Entrepreneurship: Expanding Economic Opportunity in
America’s Urban Centers. Samuel R.
Staley, Howard Husock, David J. Bobb, H. Sterling Burnett, Laura Creasy,
and Wade Hudson. February 2001. Policy Study No. 277. Reason Public Policy
Solving the Many Problems with Inner City Jobs. Timothy J. Bartik. Upjohn Institute Staff Working Paper.
flowing into inner city: Seeking a labor pool and new markets, companies
locate in once-neglected areas. The Christian Science Monitor,
July 6, 2000.
Reinvestment and Cities: A Literature Review of CRAs Impact and
Future. Susan White Haag.
Neighborhood Markets Research,
Technology, CDFIs and Community Development
Finance. Kirsten Moy. Presentation to the
Financial Innovations Roundtable (FINIR).
Inner-City Business Development and
Entrepreneurship. Ross Gittell & J.
Phillip Thompson. In: Urban Problems and Community Development. Ronald F. Ferguson & William T. Dickens (editors).
Brookings Institution Press,
Investment in America’s New Markets. January 15, 1999. SBA News
- Growing the Inner City? Tamar
Jacoby and Fred Siegel. The New Republic. August 23, 1999
Potential of Inner-City Neighborhoods: Filling the Information Gap (A.K.A.
Attracting Business Investment to Neighborhood Markets). Robert
Weissbourd. March 1999.
- A Private Sector Model for Rebuilding Inner-city
Competitiveness: Lessons from MidTown Cleveland. Margaret Murphy. December 1998
- Tax Strategies for Community Economic
Development. Paul Pryde, Jr. The Finance
Project, Washington, DC. June 1998
Entrepreneurship and Community Development. Raymond W. Smilor. Presented to a conference on
Entrepreneurship as a Community Development Strategy: Opportunities for
Community Foundations. April 1997
Capitalism: Rediscovering the Markets of America's Urban
Neighborhoods. Ninety-First American Assembly.
Clinton's urban policies really work? B.E.'s economists weigh the value of
empowerment zones and community banks in revitalizing America's
cities. Frank McCoy. Black Enterprise. June 1994. ·
new agenda of the black church: economic development for black America;
black churches are flexing their economic muscles to provide much needed
jobs. Lloyd Gite. Black Enterprise, December 1993. African
American churches are taking charge of programs and business investments
to revive economically the urban areas in which they find
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& Capital Researchers